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Term Definition
竺《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)姓也。取天竺之竺,其人为天竺之产,故称为竺,如竺昙摩腾,竺昙无兰是也。又以天竺之人为师,亦称为竺,如竺佛念,竺道生是也。而晋道安唱释姓,由是我国之沙门皆称为释,以释迦为沙门一般之师也。开元录二曰:“沙门竺昙摩罗察,晋言法护。(中略)年八岁出家,事外国沙门竺高座为师,遂称竺姓。”(秦晋已前,沙门多随师称姓,后因弥天道安道总称释氏)。
竺佛念《佛学大辞典》
(人名)竺姓,佛念名。凉州人,苻氏建元中僧伽跋澄昙摩难提等,入长安,澄执梵文,念译为晋,出增一阿含及中阿含。为苻姚二代译人之宗。后译菩萨璎珞十住断结及出曜经等。卒于长安。见高僧传一。
竺叶摩腾《佛学大辞典》
(人名)一作竺摄摩腾,见“迦叶摩腾”条。
竺土《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)天竺之国土也。
竺坟《佛学大辞典》
(杂名)西竺之坟典。谓佛经也。
竺干《佛学大辞典》
(地名)印度之别称。竺干为天竺西干之义。或言干竺,犹言天竺,后人误升竺字于上云。祖庭事苑二曰:“竺干即天竺国,或云西天西干,皆译师之义立。”甄正论中曰:“合云干竺,干者天也。后人抄写,误升竺字于字上故云竺干。”
竺律炎《佛学大辞典》
(人名)竺姓,律炎名。印度人,来吴译摩登伽经等。见开元录三。
竺昙摩罗《佛学大辞典》
(人名)竺昙摩罗刹Dharmarakṣa,竺姓,名昙摩罗察,译曰法护。月氏国人,译正法华者。高僧传一曰:“晋长安竺昙摩罗刹。”开元录二曰:“沙门竺昙摩罗察。”
竺昙无兰《佛学大辞典》
(人名)姓竺,名昙无兰。见“昙无兰”条。
竺法兰《佛学大辞典》
(人名)姓竺,名法兰。中印度人,汉明帝永平中与迦叶摩腾共来我国,译四十二章经等。见高僧传二。
竺法护《佛学大辞典》
(人名)姓竺,名法护。梵名昙摩罗察。见“竺昙摩罗”条。
竺经《佛学大辞典》
(杂名)即佛经。出天竺国。故曰竺经。李洞诗曰:“若遇多吟友,何妨看竺经。”
竺道生《佛学大辞典》
(人名)竺姓,犹言释。道生其名。罗什门下四哲之一。见“道生”条。
竺难提《佛学大辞典》
(人名)姓竺,名难提Nandi,译曰善。西域人。见开元录三。
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