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Term Definition
第一义《佛学大辞典》
(术语)以名究竟之真理,是为最上,故云第一。深有理由,故云义,圣智之自觉也。大乘义章一曰:“第一是其显胜之目,所以名义。”中论疏三本曰:“以其最上莫过,故称第一。深有所以,目之为义。”胜鬘宝窟上末曰:“理极莫过,名为第一。深有所以,目此为义。”法华义疏四曰:“第一义者,一实之道,理极无过为第一。深有所以,称为义也。”注维摩经一曰:“肇曰:第一义,谓诸法一相义也。”楞伽经二曰:“第一义者,圣智自觉所得,非言说妄想觉境界。”碧岩第一则曰:“如何是圣谛第一义?”
第一义乐《佛学大辞典》
(术语)涅槃之妙乐也。起信论曰:“以无量方便救拔一切苦恼众生,令得涅槃第一义乐。”
第一义天《佛学大辞典》
(术语)譬第一义空之妙理为天,四天中之义天是也。涅槃经二十二曰:“义天者,十住菩萨摩诃萨等。以何义故?十住菩萨名为义天,以能善解诸法义故。云何为义?见一切法是空故。”法华玄义四曰:“第一义天天然之理。”涅槃经十八曰:“第一义天,谓诸佛菩萨,常不变易。以常住故,不生不死不老不病。”
第一义悉檀《佛学大辞典》
(术语)四悉檀之一。说一实中道之理,使众生断惑证理,佛之善巧也。
第一义智《佛学大辞典》
(术语)于金刚喻定断尽一切烦恼之究竟佛智也。胜鬘经曰:“金刚喻者第一义智。(中略)若坏一切烦恼藏究竟智,是名第一义智。”
第一义法胜经《佛学大辞典》
(经名)一卷,元魏般若流支译,佛说大威灯光仙人问疑经之异译。
第一义空《佛学大辞典》
(术语)对于小乘之涅槃而云大乘至极之涅槃为第一义空。小乘之涅槃者偏真但空也,大乘之涅槃者空亦空,为中道实相之空,故名第一义。三藏法数四十六曰:“诸法中最第一法名为涅槃,涅槃之法空无有相,是为第一义空。”涅槃经二十七曰:“佛性名第一义空,第一义空名为智慧,所言空者不见空与不空。”智度论三十一曰:“能使诸法实相空,名为第一义空。”观佛三昧经曰:“佛地果德,真如实相第一义空。”

又小乘之涅槃亦名第一义空。杂阿含经十三曰:“我今为汝等说法,初中后善,善义善味,纯一满净,梵行清白。所谓第一义空经。”

第一义观《佛学大辞典》
(术语)台宗三观中,中观之异名也。此名出菩萨璎珞经。是为观道之最上至极,故名第一义。止观三曰:“二观为方便道得入中道,双昭二谛,心心寂灭,自然流入萨婆若海,名中道第一义观。”
第一义谛《佛学大辞典》
(术语)二谛之一。对于世俗谛之称,又云真谛、圣谛、胜义谛、涅槃、真如、实相、中道、法界、真空等,总以名深妙之真理,谛者真实之道理也。此道理为诸法中第一,故云第一义,真实故云真,为圣者所见,故云圣,为殊胜之妙义,故云胜义。大乘义章一曰:“第一义者,亦名真谛。第一是其显胜之目,所以名义。真者,是其绝妄之称。世与第一审实不谬,故通名谛。(中略)彼世谛若对第一,应名第二。若对真谛,应名妄谛。第一义谛若对世谛,应名出世。若对俗谛,应名非俗。若对等谛,应名非等。立名一一不可返对。是故事法,旦名世谛俗谛等谛。理法,旦名第一义谛乃至真谛。”
第一乘《佛学大辞典》
(术语)大乘之异名。唐华严经五十一曰:“过二乘名为大乘,第一乘,胜乘,最胜乘,上乘,无上乘,利益一切众生乘。”
第一华《佛学大辞典》
(杂名)智度论二十七曰:“一切莲华中青莲为第一,一切陆生华须曼色第一。”
第一句《佛学大辞典》
(术语)称阿字。大日经六曰:“阿字第一句,明法普周遍。”义释十四曰:“犹如世间地居天中帝释为第一,诸世仙圣中梵天为第一,诸圣智中佛为第一,此阿字门于一切真言门中最为第一也。由此一字成无量功德故无上也。”
第一寂灭《佛学大辞典》
(术语)实相之妙理,是为第一义,故云第一,离一切言辞之相,故云寂灭。即涅槃也。法华经方便品曰:“知第一寂灭,以方便力故,虽示种种相,其实为佛乘。”
第一时教《佛学大辞典》
(术语)法相宗所立三教之第二。见“三教”条。
第一牢强精进《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)传心法要下:“问何者是精进?师云:身心不起。是名第一牢强精进。才起心向外求者,名为歌利王爱游猎去。心不外游,即是忍辱仙人。身心俱无,即是佛道。”
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