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Term Definition
红教《佛学大辞典》
(流派)Shamār,喇嘛旧教之僧,用红色之衣冠,故有此名。教主蓄妻,血脉相承,行于西藏之南部。西藏新志中曰:“喇嘛教始名红教,西历七百四十七年巴特玛伞巴斡者,被聘至西藏。此人住克什米尔之境,为印度之有名学者。于是巴师以其卓越天禀之能力,热心布教,亲自周行全国。其奇迹甚多。巴师之周行全国也,名为征服幽鬼。一日有鬼顽相抵,欲压氏于山峡,师飞腾得免。又有鬼自雪中掷兵器如雨,自称降魔杵。氏融解积雪为水,鬼遂投水中。师因令水沸腾,鬼骨肉糜烂。又投降魔杵刺幽鬼之目,鬼始出水,仅存生命。又一日,有妖物大为师苦,化白色牦牛来触。师飘然登天,牦牛忽结其鼻颈与脚而不动,顿变缠白绢之美少年。再三申告,始留其生命。巴师遍巡国中,显大自在力,其周围骤集无数弟子请训。巴师以排斥幽鬼派,专事剿灭,未免过激。故用术令其感化,使彼衔恩于我,皈依佛教。其在西藏仅二年,整理喇嘛僧之秩序。有弟子二十五人。创设多数寺院。至此功成名遂,更向他国而去。其送别时,忽虹霓光起,遍照十方。自极乐空中飞车来迎,师徐乘而去。群众放声而泣。由是喇嘛教基础强固,学生负笈而游学西藏者日众。至印度书悉为翻译梵语及西藏语。出版字典,亦复不少。”
红莲华《佛学大辞典》
(植物)梵名优钵罗Utpala之译,谓赤色之莲华也。为千手观音四十手中左所持者,其手曰红莲手。千手千眼观世音菩萨大悲心陀罗尼曰:“若为求生诸天宫者,当于红莲华手,真言:唵(引)商揭[口*隶](二合)萨嚩(二合)贺。”
红莲地狱《佛学大辞典》
(界名)八寒地狱之第七。梵名钵特摩Padma,译曰红莲。为寒而皮肉分裂如红莲华也。瑜伽论四曰:“红莲那落迦,与此差别,过此青已,色变红赤。皮肤分裂,或十或多。故此那落迦,名曰红莲。”俱舍光记十一曰:“钵特摩,此云红莲华。严寒逼切,身变折裂,如红莲华。”
红莲大红莲《佛学大辞典》
(界名)Mahāpadma,八寒地狱之第八,名摩诃钵特摩,译云大红莲。瑜伽论四曰:“大红莲大那落迦,与此差别。谓彼身分,极大红赤。皮肤分裂,或百或多。故此那落迦,名大红莲。”俱舍论光记十一曰:“摩诃钵特摩,此云大红莲华。严寒逼切,身变折裂,如大红莲华。”往生讲式曰:“或咽焦热大焦热之炎,或闭红莲大红莲之冰。”
红衣派《佛学大辞典》
(流派)喇嘛之旧教也。见“红教”条。
红颇黎色阿弥陀《佛学大辞典》
(图像)带红颇梨色之阿弥陀佛尊像也。三摩耶者,八叶莲华上横五钴杵,杵上竖独钴杵,上有红莲,其上阿弥陀佛结跏跌座,头上戴金刚五佛之宝冠。左右两手住于定印,佛身及衣等悉带红颇梨之色,威容端严。盖以五大之色配于五方,赤色当于西方,弥陀本土西方之色,为本佛之身色光明也。无量寿如来修观行供养仪轨曰:“想坛中有纥哩字,放大光明如红颇黎色,遍照十方世界。其中有情遇斯光者,无有不得罪障消灭。”此为本说。守护国界主陀罗尼经二曰:“观想成已,渐观遍身皆红莲华色,此身即成阿弥陀如来。此观成已,即从顶上放红莲华色光,亦以无数百千亿光而为眷属。一一光中皆有无量红莲华色菩萨而现,各以此印入深三昧,光照西方恒沙世界,彼中众生遇斯光者,皆入三昧。”
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