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Term Definition
翻梵语《佛学大辞典》
(书名)梁宝唱撰。其书逸而不传。才见残编。又义净三藏有翻梵语一卷。
翻经台《佛学大辞典》
(杂名)谢灵运见远公。肃然心服。乃即寺中观翻涅槃经。为台。植白莲池中。名翻经台。见卢山记。
翻译《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)转梵语而成汉言也。亦作翻译。隋书经籍志曰:“汉桓帝时,有安息国沙门安静,斋经至洛,翻译最为通解。”宋僧传二曰:“译之言易也,谓以所有见所无也。”同三曰:“如翻锦绣,背面俱花但其花有左右不同。”翻译名义集一曰:“夫翻译者,谓翻梵天之语,转成汉地之言,音虽似别,义则大同。宋僧传云:如翻锦绣,背面俱华,但左右不同耳,译之言易也。谓以所有,易其所无,故以此方之经,而显彼土之法。周礼掌四方之语,各有其官,东方曰寄,南方曰象,西方曰狄鞮,北方曰译。今通西言而云译者,盖汉世多事北方,而译官兼善西语。故摩腾始至,而译四十二章,固称译也。”又卷三曰:“彦琮法师云:夫预翻译,有八备十条:一诚心受法,志在益人;二将践胜场,先牢戒足;三文诠三藏,义贯五乘;四傍涉文史,工缀典词,不过鲁拙;五[怡-台+禁]抱平恕,器量虚融,不好专执;六沈于道术,淡于名利,不欲高衍;七要识梵言,不附彼学;八传阅苍雅,粗谙篆隶,不昧此文。十条者:一句韵,二问答,三名义,四经论,五歌颂,六咒功,七品题,八专业,九字部,十字声。”
翻译名义集《佛学大辞典》
(书名)宋姑苏景德寺僧法云编,共二十卷,六十四目。以经典所用之语,分类编列。如系梵语,则释以华言,并详得名之由及其沿革。诚读内典者不可少之书也。
翻译官职《佛学大辞典》
(术语)翻译名义集三曰:“宋僧传云:译场经馆;设官分职,可得闻乎?曰:此务所司,先宗译主,即斋叶书之三藏,明练显密二教者。是也,次则笔受者,必言通华梵,学综有空。相问委知,然后下笔。西晋伪秦已来,立此员者,即沙门道含玄赜,姚嵩聂(女涉切)承远父子。至于帝王执翰,即兴梁武太后中宗,又谓之缀文也。次则度语,正云译语,亦名传语。传度转令生解矣,如翻显识论,沙门战陀译语,是也。次则证梵本者,求其量果,密以证知,能诠不差,所显无谬矣。如居士伊舍罗,证译毗奈耶梵本,是也。至有立证梵义一员,乃明西义得失,贵令华语下,不失梵义也。复立证禅义一员,沙门大通曾充之。次则润文一位,员数不恒,令通内外学者充之,良以笔受在其油素,文言岂无俚俗,傥不失于佛意,何妨刊而正之。故义净译场,李峤韦嗣立卢藏用等二十余人。次文润色也。次则证义一位,盖证己译文所诠之义也。如译婆沙论,慧嵩道朗等三百人,考证文义,唐复礼累场充其任焉。次有梵呗者,法筵肇启,梵呗前兴,用作先容,令生物善。唐永泰中,方闻此位也。次有校勘,清隋彦琮覆疏文义,盖重慎之至也。次有监护大使,后周平高公侯寿为总监检校,唐房梁公为奘师监护,相次观杨慎交杜行顗等充之,或用僧员,则隋以明穆昙迁等十人,监掌翻译事,诠定宗旨也。”
翻邪归正《佛学大辞典》
(术语)翻外之邪道而归内之正道也。
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