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Term Definition
表业《佛学大辞典》
(术语)身口意之三表业。见“业”条。
表业无表业《佛学大辞典》
(术语)就身语意之三业言之,小乘俱舍之说,局于身语二业,有表业无表业(谓为表色无表色)。大乘法相之义,三业皆有表业无表业。表者表示之义,身之表业者,他可见之动作。取舍屈伸等是也。语之表业者,他可闻之言语,名句文是也。意之表业者,起贪瞋等之念。意业虽不表示于他人,然犹于心内自表示,故名为表业。三业之无表者,与身表业共于身中生不可表示于他之一种业体也。是为身无表业。又与语表业共于身中生一种之业体,谓为语无表业。又与意表业共生一种之业体,谓为意无表业。其中小乘不立意表业,故随而不立意无表业。大乘立意表业,且三业共以思之心所为体,故意表亦如身语二表有意无表。然而小乘以为表业无表业共为四大所生实之色性,谓之表色无表色,大乘之表业以现行之思之心所为体,无表业以思心所之种子为体。故其实业性虽为心法,而现行之思,起色法之身表业语表业,有防色法身表语表过非之用,故纳于所发所防,而假名谓为表色无表色也。盖小乘立思心所造作之身表业语表业,为善性恶性无记性之实法,故直以所发之身语二业为业体,以其中善恶之业体为感苦乐之果,然则业体即色法也。无表业为色处中之表色(色处有显色形色表色之三,取舍屈伸等为表色),语表业为属于声处之声屈曲,故共是无记法,而不能招当果,故不立为业体。业体定为能发之思心所,但就所发所防之色而假付以色之名。盖业体正为心法也。若依成实宗,则立之为非色非心法。问:小乘立身语二表业。大乘立身语意三表业。此二表业三表业悉有无表业耶?答曰:表业有律仪,非律仪,非律仪非不律仪之三种。律仪业,为受五戒八戒等时之表业。非律仪业,为正作杀生等恶戒之表业。非律仪非不律仪业,非善戒,亦非恶戒,此其余善恶之所作也。小乘俱舍谓此三种共生无表,大乘唯识家无定判,一同于俱舍。一谓律仪非律仪之表业,虽必生无表,然非律仪非不律仪即处中之表业,善恶之心,皆为微弱,故无发无表者。是难陀论师之义也。慈恩谓二说中为判是非之显文,故取舍任情。但俱舍论处中之表业,虽谓为律仪非律仪外之善恶,然非谓无论如何微少之善恶业,皆生无表,谓依善类似律仪,恶类似非律仪之规则所立之中品善恶业而为无表,非不规则之泛尔善恶也(此事于无表色部辨之),因而善恶分上中下三品,上品之善,与律仪之表业,共有律仪之无表业,上品之恶,与非律仪之表业,共有非律仪之无表业,中品之善恶,亦与非律仪非不律仪之表业,共发非律仪非不律仪之无表。但下品之善恶,惟有善恶之表业而无生无表者。例如誓于十日乃至一月布施于僧,为处中之善业,此发无表,如只布施一时。为泛尔之善业,不发无表。见俱舍论业品,义林章三末。
表义名言《佛学大辞典》
(术语)对于显境名言而言。名句文也。名句文诸诠表义理,故名为名言。
表义名言种子《佛学大辞典》
(术语)显境名言种子之对。谓名言种子中,由自他之名言,显色心诸法之体,于心前变现其相分,而薰习其种子于第八识之自体者也。即自一切诸法之语言音声等名言传而薰习之种子也。
表制集《佛学大辞典》
(书名)六卷,唐不空三藏为三朝之国师,谢表答制凡一百四十四首,西明寺圆照编集,名为不空表制集。
表刹《佛学大辞典》
(杂名)刹,为刹多罗Kṣetra之略,幢竿之类,塔上高表出之幢竿曰表刹。法华经分别功德品曰:“表刹甚高广。”维摩经法供养品曰:“起七宝塔,纵广一四天下,高至梵天,表刹庄严。”
表德《佛学大辞典》
(术语)二门之一。对于遮情之称而曰表德。与所谓遮诠表诠同,但表诠遮诠之目,出于法相宗,而表德遮情之称,本于华严宗,真言宗盛用之。见二门条。
表戒《佛学大辞典》
(术语)旧曰作戒无作戒。新曰表戒无表戒。受戒者登戒坛,发表身口意之三业,而正受得戒法,名为表戒。此时受者体内发得而不表显于三业之戒体,名为无表戒。
表无表戒《佛学大辞典》
(术语)表戒与无表戒也。见“无表戒”条。
表无表色《佛学大辞典》
(术语)表色与无表色也。见“无表色”条。
表白《佛学大辞典》
(仪式)表显法事之旨趣,白告于三宝及大众曰表白。有表白兼愿文者,有更设愿文者。僧史略中曰:“唱导者,始则西域上座。凡趣请咒愿曰:二足常安,四足亦安,一切时中皆吉祥等以悦可檀越之心也。舍利弗多辩才,曾作上座,赞导颇佳,白衣大欢喜,此为表白之推轮也。”说法明眼论表白品曰:“表白三宝境,同别住持佛。先赞修善体,次叹施主意。圣灵成菩提,听众愿成就。回向法界众,诸天增威光。次有愿文可读之矣。”
表示《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)发表示他也。宝积经三十四曰:“诸佛无能说,称叹及表示。”大日经疏七曰:“一切法离一切法,故不可表示,不可授人。”
表色《佛学大辞典》
(术语)唯识所立三种色境之一。行住坐卧取舍屈伸等显然可表示于人者。名为表色。是依可见之义而名为色。俱舍不立表色。
表诠《佛学大辞典》
(术语)二诠之一。表示具德曰表诠。遮止过非曰遮诠。禅源诸诠三曰:“表谓显其所是。又,表者直示当体。”见三诠条。
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