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Term Definition
譬喻《佛学大辞典》
(术语)梵云阿波陀那Avadāna,以了知之法,显未了知之法也。法华文句五曰:“譬者比况也,喻者晓训也。托此比彼,寄浅训深。(中略)动树训风,举扇喻月,故言譬喻。”涅槃经二十九说八种之喻法:一,顺喻,随顺世谛,次第自小向大而喻也。天降大雨,则小坑满,小坑满,故大坑满,大坑满,故乃至大海满,如来法雨亦如是,众生戒满乃至解脱满,解脱满,故涅槃满,是名顺喻。二,逆喻,逆于世谛,次第自大向小为喻也,大海本为大河,大河本为小河,乃至沟浍本为大雨,如是如来涅槃本为解脱,乃至持戒本为法雨,是名逆喻。三,现喻,以现前事为喻也,如说众生心性,犹如狝猴。四,非喻,假设非实事之事为喻也,如说佛告波斯匿王,有大山自四方来,欲害人民,则王如何?是假设四山譬老病生死也。五,先喻,先设譬喻,后以法合也,如说有人贪着妙花,而采取之时,为水漂流,众生如是贪爱五欲,为生死之水漂没。六,后喻,先说法,后设喻而显之也,如经云勿轻小罪以为无殃,水滴虽微,渐满大海是也。七,先后喻,先后所说皆是譬喻之意,如经云譬如芭蕉,生果则死,愚人得养,亦复如是,如骡怀妊,命不久全是也。八,遍喻,始末皆假喻而显之也。如具说忉利天质多罗树生长之状,而遍喻佛弟子等。
譬喻周《佛学大辞典》
(术语)法华迹门三周说法之一。说火宅之譬喻,以化中根之一周也。见“三周”条。
譬喻品《佛学大辞典》
(经名)法华经二十八品中之第三,出于经之第二卷。说火宅之喻。
譬喻师《佛学大辞典》
(人名)又云日出论者。小乘十八部中经量部之元祖也。唯识述记二本曰:“日出论者即经部本师,佛去世后一百年中,北印度怛叉翅罗国有鸠摩逻多,此言童首,造九百论。时五天竺有五大论师,喻如日出明导世间,名日出者。以似于日,亦名譬喻师。或为此师造喻鬘论,集诸奇事,名为譬喻师。经部之种族,经部以此所说为宗,当时犹未有经部,经部四百年中方出世故。”因之而古摄论谓之经部师,新摄论谓之譬喻师。
譬喻王经《佛学大辞典》
(经名)大集譬喻王经之略名。
譬喻经《佛学大辞典》
(术语)十二部经之一。梵云阿波陀那。经中说譬喻而令晓悟义宗所在者也。正理论四十四曰:“言譬喻者,为令晓悟所说义宗,广引多门,比例开示,如长喻等契经所说。”法华经方便品曰:“亦说于因缘譬喻并祇夜。”

又(经名)藏经中题譬喻经者有五部:一,比丘道略集之杂譬喻经一卷。二,失译之众经撰杂譬喻经二卷。三,吴康僧会译之旧杂譬喻经二卷。四,失译之杂譬喻经二卷。五,后汉支娄迦谶释之杂譬喻经一卷,已上五部同名别本。又经律异相等引十卷譬喻经,今不传。往生要集记五曰:“十卷文,唐法遂造,贤圣集也。”此外湮灭之同名经十部,载于出三藏记。

又佛说譬喻经,一卷,唐义净译。佛为胜光王说空井,树根,二鼠,四蛇,毒龙,蜜滴,蜂螫,火烧之喻。

譬喻论师《佛学大辞典》
(人名)与譬喻师同。
譬喻说《佛学大辞典》
(术语)十二部经之一。见譬喻经项。
譬喻部《佛学大辞典》
(术语)譬喻师之部宗,即经部也。见“譬喻师”条。
譬喻量《佛学大辞典》
(术语)四量之一。见“量”条附录。
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