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Term Definition
陈尊者《佛学大辞典》
(人名)又曰陈尊者。号睦州,嗣法于黄檗,居睦州之龙兴寺。见传灯录十二。
陈弃药《佛学大辞典》
(饮食)又云腐烂药。南山旧律家依僧祇四分所说谓为大小便,义净新律家依有部律谓为人所遗弃之医药。僧祇律四曰:“若被毒,医言应服大便汁。若自己许不须复受,若他许者当受。比丘病,医言当服小便者,不得取初后,应取中。若自己许承取即名受,若在地及他许当受。”四分律四十二曰:“尔时比丘病毒,医教服腐烂药。若是已腐烂药堕地者,应以器盛水和之,漉受然后服;若未堕地者,以器受之水和漉服之,不须受。”业疏三曰:“腐烂药者,世所同弃而实可收,即大小便也。有本说云陈弃药者,谓世间煮残渣滓可弃者,取重煮之,得疗即止。何须问本?”同济缘记曰:“腐烂制中有二释:初释中,小便治劳,大便解热,名黄龙汤。次释,则通众药,人所不用,故云陈弃。即腐烂异名。”义净师极斥之。寄归传三曰:“自有方处鄙俗久行,病发即服大便小便。疾起便用猪粪猫粪,或堈盛瓮贮。号曰龙汤,虽加美名,秽恶斯极。(中略)陈弃之言,即是陈故所弃之药,意在省事,仅可资身。上价自在开中,啖服实成非损。梵云晡堤木底鞞杀社。晡提是陈,木底是弃,鞞杀社,译之为药,是陈弃药也。律开大便小便,乃是犊粪牛尿。(中略)正量部中说其陈弃,既是部别不可同斯。了论虽复见文。元非有部所学。”巴Pūtimutta(mūtra)-bhesahjja(粪便药)。梵(义净)Pūtimukti-bheṣajya(陈弃药)。
陈那《佛学大辞典》
(人名)Dinnāga,菩萨名。译曰童授,或译曰域龙。佛灭后一千百年顷出现于南印度案达罗国,作因明正理门论,是新因明之祖也。西域记十曰:“陈那。唐言童授。”慈恩传四曰:“此言授童。”因明后记曰:“域龙者,梵语此云陈那是也。”大部补注曰:“陈那,具云摩诃陈那迦,此翻大域龙。”
陈那裂石《佛学大辞典》
(故事)见“石”条。【陈那裂石】(故事)陈那为新因明之祖。与迦毗罗仙之化石者问答,石为之裂。辅行十之一曰:“迦毗罗仙,恐身死,往自在天问。天令往频陀山取余甘子食,可延寿。食已于林中化为石,如床大。有不逮者,书偈问石。后为陈那菩萨斥之。书偈,石裂。”
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