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Term Definition
雁《佛学大辞典》
(动物)梵语亘娑。译曰雁(亘娑Haṁsa,鹅也。通名亦用于雁。雁之梵名Dhār tarāṣṭra也)。
雁不食出笼《佛学大辞典》
(传说)国王欲得雁肉,以笼养之,中有不食者,诸雁谓曰何不食?不食者言忧不能食。七日瘠瘦,得从笼孔中出飞去。遥谓肥者曰:卿等贪食害痛在后。见譬喻经六、经律异相四十八。
雁为比丘落命《佛学大辞典》
(传说)见“雁塔”条。
雁书《佛学大辞典》
(本生)佛之前生谭。往昔波罗捺王摩诃罗阇有二子,名善友恶友。兄欲得如意珠恤国人,与弟恶友共入大海得珠,弟嫉之,夺珠,刺兄眼,归谓没于水,父母恸哭,后兄眼恢复,在利师跋国。宫廷初饲一白雁,闻其主不幸,悲呜宛转。母夫人为作书系于雁颈,雁飞到利师跋国,见善友飞呜。善友知父母悲哀,作手书又系于其雁,雁归,父母审事情,即杻械恶友迎善友。其时恶友即提婆达多,善友即今之佛。见大方便佛报恩经四(恶友品)。
雁塔《佛学大辞典》
(堂塔)西域记九曰:“有窣堵波,谓亘娑Haṁsa,唐言雁。昔此伽蓝。习玩小乘,小乘渐教也。故开三净之肉。而此伽蓝,遵而不坠,其后三净,求不时获。有比丘经行,忽见群雁飞翔,戏言曰:今日众僧中,食不充。摩诃萨埵,宜知是时,言声未绝,一雁退飞,当其僧前,投身自殒。比丘见已,具白众僧,闻者悲感。咸相谓曰:如来设法,导诱随机,我等守愚,遵行渐教。大乘者正理也。宜改先执,务从圣旨。此雁垂诫,诚为明导,宜旌厚德。传记终古,于是建窣堵波,式照遗烈,以彼死雁,瘗其下焉。”

又古欢堂集杂着五、西京记曰:唐慈恩寺西院浮图,高三百尺。永徽五年,沙门玄奘造。国人谓之雁塔,塔在朱雀街第十五坊,南临黄渠,木竹阴翳,最于京师。沈佺期诗曰:“雁塔丹青古,龙池岁月深。”即此。唐故事,进士及第,列名于慈恩寺塔,谓之雁塔题名。塔以石为壁,唐人游观,留题甚多。不特进士题名而已,塔屡遭火,断石遗字犹有存者。

雁宇《佛学大辞典》
(堂塔)又作雁堂。佛堂之异名。善见律十曰:“高阁讲堂者,于大林作堂,堂形如雁子,一切具足,为佛作此堂也。”
雁王《佛学大辞典》
(杂名)佛之异名。与鹅王同。以佛三十二相中,手足一一指间。如雁如鹅,有缦网交络也。智度论四曰:“五者手足指缦网相,如雁王,张指则现,不张则不现。”
雁立《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)见雁行项。
雁行《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)以雁行之不乱,喻行列之整齐也。续高僧传二十二曰:“应供列雁行之僧,戒闻叙重受之夏。”又作雁立。敕修清规二曰:“参头领众雁立,插香喝参,三拜,退分东西序后,雁立。”
雁门《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)以佛曰雁王,故佛门曰雁门。

又(人名)净土论注记主梁昙鸾之称号。以师为雁门人也。唐高僧传六曰:“释昙鸾,或为峦,未详其氏,雁门人也。”

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