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Term Definition
饮光《佛学大辞典》
(人名)迦叶之译名。自光饮蔽他微光之义。名为饮光有二义:一是祖先之姓,故名。一彼身有光明,故名。文句一下曰:“摩诃迦叶,此翻大龟氏。其先代学道,灵龟负仙图而应,从德命族,故言龟氏。真谛三藏,翻光波,古仙人身光炎涌,能映余光使不现,故言光波,亦云饮光。迦叶身光,亦能映物。”法华义疏一曰:“十八部论疏云:具足应云迦叶波。迦叶此云光,波此云饮,合而言之,故云饮光。饮光是其姓。上古仙人,名为饮光。以此仙人身有光明,能饮诸光令不复现。今此迦叶,是饮光仙人种,即以饮光为姓,从姓立名,称饮光也。又此罗汉,亦自有饮光事,其人身有金色光明。(中略)此金犹不及迦叶金色,是故亦名饮光。”
饮光仙《佛学大辞典》
(人名)上古有仙人名饮光。见饮光项。
饮光部《佛学大辞典》
(流派)小乘二十部之一。佛灭三百年之末,自说一切有部别出者。取部主之名名为饮光部。与佛在世之饮光同名异人。见宗轮论述记上。
饮树《佛学大辞典》
(杂名)诸天取饮之树也。瑜伽论四曰:“诸天爱其广大,形色殊妙,多诸适悦。复有饮树,从此流出甘美之饮。”
饮血地狱《佛学大辞典》
(界名)日日饮血之地狱。见地藏本愿经上地狱名号品。
饮酒《佛学大辞典》
(术语)五戒之一。禁饮酒。俱舍论十四曰:“诸饮酒者,心多纵逸,不能守护诸余律仪,故为护余,令离饮酒。”
饮酒三十五过《佛学大辞典》
(名数)一,现世财物虚竭。何以故?饮酒醉乱,心无节限,用费无度故。二,众病之门。三,斗诤之本。四,裸形无耻。五,丑名恶露,人所不敬。六,无复智慧。七,应所得物而不得。已所得物而散失。八,伏匿之事,尽向人说。九,种种事业,废不成办。十,醉为愁本。何以故?醉中多失,醒则惭愧忧愁。十一,身力转少。十二,身色坏。十三,不知敬父。十四,不知敬母。十五,不敬沙门。十六,不敬婆罗门。十七,不敬叔伯及尊长。何以故?醉闷愦恼,无所别故。十八,不敬佛。十九,不敬法。二十,不敬僧。二十一,朋党恶人。二十二,疏远贤善。二十三,作破戒人。二十四,无惭愧。二十五,不守六情。二十六,纵色放逸。二十七,人所憎恶,不喜见。二十八,贵重亲属及诸知识所共摈弃。二十九,行不善法。三十,弃舍善法。三十一,明人智士所不信用。何以故?酒放逸故。三十二,远离涅槃。三十三,种狂痴因。三十四,身坏命终,堕恶道泥犁中。三十五,若得为人,所生之处,常当狂騃。如是种种过失。是故不饮酒。见智度论。
饮酒三十六失《佛学大辞典》
(名数)一,不孝父母。二,轻慢尊长朋友。三,不敬三宝。四,不信经法。五,诽谤沙门。六,讦露人罪。七,恒说妄语。八,诬人恶事。九,传言两舌。十,恶口伤人。十一,生病之根。十二,斗诤之本。十三,恶名流布。十四,人所憎嫌。十五,排斥圣贤。十六,怨黩天地。十七,废忘事业。十八,破散家财。十九,恒无惭愧。二十,不知羞耻。二十一,无故捶打奴仆。二十二,横杀众生。二十三,奸犯他妻。二十四,偷人财物。二十五,疏远善人。二十六,狎近恶人。二十七,常怀恚怒。二十八,日夜忧愁。二十九,牵东引西。三十,持南着北。三十一,倒沟卧路。三十二,堕车坠马。三十三,逢河落水。三十四,持灯失火。三十五,暑月热亡。三十六,寒天冻死。见四分律。
饮酒十过《佛学大辞典》
(名数)一,颜色恶。饮酒之人,颜貌容色,因之变常,无有善相也。二,下劣。饮酒之人,威仪不整,动止轻薄,人所贱恶也。三,眼视不明。恣饮而狂痴瞻视,昏瞀不辨色境也。四,现瞋恚相。醉酒之人,行不善法,不顾亲属贤善,恣为忿怒也。五,坏田业资生。恣饮放逸,破费产业,散失资财也。六,致疾病。饮酒过度,则失身体之调,以致疾病也。七,益斗讼。醉酒发很,与人争竞,不惜身命,而斗讼益增也。八,恶名流布。耽饮纵恣,则弃舍善法,而丑名恶声,流布远近也。九,智慧减少。饮酒昏迷,愚痴狂騃,而智慧减少也。十,命终堕恶道。狎朋饮酒,不修善行,则恶业日增,命终后堕于恶道也。见四分律十。
饮食《佛学大辞典》
(术语)饮料食物。欲界之有情,必依饮食而立身。
饮食三时供《佛学大辞典》
(行事)苏悉地经偈曰:“晨朝时,日中时,及日没时。”不动使者轨曰:“旦时,午时,黄昏时。”
饮食三昧《佛学大辞典》
(术语)五供三昧之一。
饮食供养《佛学大辞典》
(术语)五种供养之一。真言观行要览曰:“苏悉经二(献食品)曰:略说献食,应用团根、长根、诸果、酥饼、油饼、诸羹曤等,或种种粥,及诸饮食,此四种食,通献诸部。瞿醯经中(奉请供养品)曰:所有臭秽、辛苦、涩味、古残宿、不祥之食,不应供养。或若不办种种羹者,但用小豆羹,而供养亦得。凡所领上,皆应点酪。凡乳粥上,皆应着蜜。其小豆羹上,应着牛酥。若有姜者,亦应着之。其果子中,石榴为上。于诸根中,毗多罗根为上。”
饮食四时《佛学大辞典》
(行事)胎藏三时,常事也,金刚界四时,是以此界取一切之物类四故也。四时者于平常之三时加半夜。
饮食欲《佛学大辞典》
(术语)欲界三欲之一。见“三欲”条。
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