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Term Definition
马《佛学大辞典》
(动物)转轮圣王七宝之一。名马王婆罗醯,住大海之洲内,有眷属八千,若转轮圣王出世,则取最小者为马宝。见经律异相四十七。
马主《佛学大辞典》
(地名)四主之一。雪山以北出善马,称云马主国。释迦方志上曰:“雪山以北至于北海,地寒宜马,名马主也。其俗凶暴,忍杀衣毛,是突厥国。”
马加持《佛学大辞典》
(修法)加持病马以祈平愈也。对马头观音诵法华譬喻品。中古修验者间行之。
马大师《佛学大辞典》
(人名)马祖道一禅师也。见“马祖”条。
马大师不安《佛学大辞典》
(公案)“马大师有病,院主问曰:近日尊候如何?大师云:日面佛月面佛。”见碧岩第三则,从容录。
马大师野鸭子《佛学大辞典》
(公案)“马大师与其弟子百丈行次,见野鸭子飞过,大师云:是什么?丈云:野鸭子。大师云:什么处去?丈云:飞过去。大师遂扭百丈鼻头,丈作忍痛声。大师云何曾飞去。”见碧岩五十三则。
马头大士《佛学大辞典》
(菩萨)马头观音也。
马头山《佛学大辞典》
(杂名)山形似马头,故名。增一阿含经三十四曰:“去伊沙山更有山,名马头山。”
马头明王《佛学大辞典》
(菩萨)马头观音也。
马头罗刹《佛学大辞典》
(异类)人身马头之狱卒也。楞严经八曰:“亡者神识见大铁城,火蛇火狗,虎猿狮子,牛头狱卒,马头罗刹,手执枪槊驱入城内,向无间狱。”十王经曰:“引路牛头肩挟棒,催行马头腰擎叉,苦牛食牛牛头来,乘马苦马马头多。”
马头观自在菩萨真言印《佛学大辞典》
(印相)十八契印之一。辟除诸魔障之印契也。
马头观音《佛学大辞典》
(菩萨)梵名何耶揭梨婆Hayagriva,胎藏界观音院之一尊,六观音之一。以配止观所说六观音之师子无畏观音,为畜生道之教主,是无量寿之忿怒身,以观音为自性身,以马置于头,故曰马头观音,亦曰马头大士。为大忿怒威猛摧伏之形,故称为马头明王。乃五部明王中莲华部之明王也。戴马者,如转轮圣王之宝马驰驱四方而威伏之,表跋涉生死大海摧伏四魔之大威势力大精进力也。又啖食无明重障之意。大日经疏五曰:“何耶羯梨婆,译云马头。其非黄非赤,如日初出之色。以白莲华为璎珞等,庄严其身。光焰猛盛,赫奕如鬘。指甲长利,双牙上出。首鬘如师子顶毛,作极吼怒之状。此是莲华部忿怒持明王也。犹如转轮王宝马巡历四洲,于一时一切处去心不息。诸菩萨大精进力,亦复如是。所以得如是威猛之势,于生死重障中不顾身命,多所摧伏者,正为白净大悲心故。故以白莲璎珞而自严身也。”大日经义释七曰:“莲华部眷属以马头为忿怒明王。”义轨曰:“马头明王,贺野纥里嚩,啖食无明诸障尽也。”秘藏记末曰:“马头,无量寿忿怒,自性轮观音。”又曰:“马头观音菩萨,赤肉色,大忿怒之相,并三面,牙在唇上,头有白马之形如轮王宝马。”经轨有诃耶揭唎婆观世音菩萨法印咒品(出陀罗尼集经第七),何耶揭唎婆像法,何耶揭唎婆观世音菩萨受法坛,各一卷。
马师《佛学大辞典》
(人名)唐江西道一禅师,姓马氏,因曰马祖,又称马师。见传灯录六。

又比丘名,又曰马胜,梵名頞鞞Aśvajit,五比丘之一。增一阿含经三曰:“我声闻中第一比丘,威容端正,行步庠序,所谓马师比丘是。”见“马胜”条。

马有八态譬人经《佛学大辞典》
(经名)一卷,后汉支曜译。经中说恶马有八态,以譬恶比丘也。
马祀《佛学大辞典》
(修法)以马为牺牲之外道修法也。梵语Aśvamedha,百论疏上之下曰:“为求常天故,修马祀。取一白马,放之百日,或云三年,寻其足迹,以布黄金用施一切,然后取马杀之。当杀马时唱言:婆薮杀汝。马因祀杀,亦得生天。”(此下举真谛三藏之说引韦陀中马祀之法)。

又外道之邪法,杀马除去五脏,以七宝纳之,施于婆罗门,以祈福祉。见文殊问经,止观辅行十。

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