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Term Definition
鬼《佛学大辞典》
(异类)梵语薜荔多Preta,旧译饿鬼。新译鬼。名义集二曰:“婆沙云:鬼者畏也,谓虚佉多畏。又威也,能令他畏其威也。又希求为鬼,谓彼饿鬼,恒从他人希求饮食,以活性命。”文句四下曰:“鬼者,胡言阇梨多(阇闭之写误),秦言祖父。众生最初生彼道,故名祖父。后生者亦名祖父。又悭贪堕此趣,此趣多饥渴,故名饿鬼。亦被诸天驱使,亦希望饮食,故名饿鬼。”鬼之种类极多,或如夜叉罗刹,有通力害人者,或如饿鬼常苦饥渴者。此中六趣中之鬼,是说饿鬼也。见“饿鬼”条。
鬼城《佛学大辞典》
(杂名)干闼婆城之异名。蜃气楼也。干闼婆为八部众之一,鬼神之类,故名鬼。见“干闼婆城”条。
鬼婆《佛学大辞典》
(譬喻)唐则天之譃名也。说郛三十四譃名录曰:“鬼婆者武后也,地藏菩萨李光弼也。”
鬼子母《佛学大辞典》
(天名)本名诃梨帝。译曰欢喜。以为五百鬼子之母,故云鬼子母。见诃梨帝条,增一阿含经二十二曰:“降鬼诸神王,及降鬼子母,如彼啖人鬼。”初为恶神,后归于佛为护法神。金光明经三曰:“诃利帝南鬼子母等,及五百神,常来拥护听是经者。”最胜王经八曰:“敬礼鬼子母,及最小爱儿。”
鬼子母天《佛学大辞典》
(天名)二十天之一。
鬼子母神《佛学大辞典》
(天名)为啖人之夜叉女,故曰神。
鬼子母经《佛学大辞典》
(经名)佛说鬼子母经,一卷,失译人名。说鬼子母,食人之子,佛隐其爱子,以济度之,使拥护三宝。然较毗奈耶杂事三十一所说稍疏略。
鬼录《佛学大辞典》
(物名)阎魔厅记罪之铁札也。归敬仪中曰:“业网所拘,报增鬼录。”
鬼怖木《佛学大辞典》
(植物)柳也。禅提比丘以柳枝咒龙。以后名柳树曰鬼怖木。见灌顶经。
鬼法界《佛学大辞典》
(界名)鬼类之世界也。十法界之一。
鬼火《佛学大辞典》
(物名)鬼神所起之阴火也。新译仁王经下曰:“龙火鬼火。”
鬼界《佛学大辞典》
(界名)鬼类之世界。十界之一。见“鬼”条。
鬼病《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)鬼魅着人而为病者。千手经曰:“诵持此神咒者,世间八万四千种鬼病,悉皆治之,无不差者。”止观八曰:“魔病者与鬼不异,鬼但病身杀身,魔则破观心,破法身慧命。”
鬼眼睛《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)妖怪之眼睛。以譬非正见。碧严第五则着语曰:“山僧从来不弄鬼眼。”
鬼神《佛学大辞典》
(术语)鬼为六趣之一。神为八部之通称。有威云鬼,有能云神。金光明经文句六曰:“鬼者威也,能令他畏其威也。神者能也,大力者能移山填海,小力者能隐显变化。”金光明经三曰:“鬼神品。”最胜王经九曰:“诸天药叉护持品。”诸天药叉之类即鬼神也。释摩诃衍论曰:“鬼并及神,云何差别?障身为鬼,障心为神。”长阿含经二十曰:“佛告比丘:一切人民所居舍宅,皆有鬼神,无有空者。(中略)凡诸鬼神,皆随所依,即以为名。依人名人,依村名村,(中略)依河名河。佛告比丘,一切树木极小如车轴者,皆有鬼神依止,无有空者。一切男子女人,初始生时,皆有逐神,随逐拥护。若其死时,彼守护鬼,摄其精气,其人则死。”
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