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Term Definition
魔《佛学大辞典》
(术语)梵语,魔罗Māra之略。译为能夺命,障碍,扰乱,破坏等。害人命,障碍人之善事者,欲界之第六天主为魔王,其眷属为魔民魔人,旧译之经论,作磨,梁武改为魔字。婆沙论四十二曰:“问曰:何故名魔?答曰:断慧命故名魔,复次常行放逸有害自身故名魔。”智度论五曰:“除诸法实相,余残一切法,尽名为魔。(中略)问曰:何以名魔?答曰:夺慧命,坏道法功德善本,是故名为魔。”智度论六十八曰:“魔秦言能夺命者,唯死魔实能夺命,余者亦能作夺命因缘,亦夺智慧命,是故名杀者。”义林章六本曰:“梵云魔罗,此云扰乱障碍破坏。扰乱身心障碍善法破坏胜事,故名魔罗,此略云魔。”玄应音义二十一曰:“魔莫何反,书无此字,译人义作。梵云魔罗,此翻名障,能为修道作障碍故。亦言杀者,常行放逸断慧命故,或云恶者,多爱欲故。”慧琳音义十二曰:“魔罗唐云力也,即他化自在天中魔王波旬之异名也。此类鬼神有大神力,能与修出世法者为留难事,名为魔罗。以力为名,又略去罗字。”
魔乡《佛学大辞典》
(术语)魔障之乡里。谓娑婆世界也。观经定善义曰:“归去来,魔乡不可停。旷劫来流转,六道尽皆经。到处无余乐,唯闻愁叹声。毕此生平后入涅槃城。”
魔事《佛学大辞典》
(术语)恶魔之所作。为佛道障碍之事柄。法华经授记品曰:“无有魔事,虽有魔及魔民,皆护佛法。”楞严经六曰:“入三摩提,永无魔事。”止观四曰:“转魔事为佛事,即巧慧。”
魔事境《佛学大辞典》
(术语)见“十境”条。
魔佛《佛学大辞典》
(术语)天魔与佛陀。对举极善极恶而云魔佛。止观五曰:“首楞严云:魔界如,佛界如,一如无二如。”梵网经上曰:“能转魔界入佛界,佛界入魔界。”止观八曰:“魔界即佛界,而众生不知。迷于佛界,横起魔界,于菩提中而生烦恼。”
魔军《佛学大辞典》
(杂名)恶魔之军兵。佛成道时,第六天魔王率诸眷属来妨成道,佛以神力悉降伏之。又一切恶事妨佛道者为魔军。法华经化城喻品曰:“其佛坐道场,破魔军已。”大日经疏九曰:“犹如婆伽婆,树王下时庆,以慈心力故,破无量魔军。(中略)此中言魔军者,梵本正音博吃刍,是羽翼党援之义。今依古译会意言耳。”智度论五曰:“我以智慧箭,修定智慧力,摧破汝魔军。”
魔境《佛学大辞典》
(术语)魔障之境界。智度论十二曰:“堕魔境界。”
魔天《佛学大辞典》
(天名)恶魔之天神也。居于欲界之顶上,称为他化自在天者是也。
魔女《佛学大辞典》
(异类)魔界之女人也。楞严经六曰:“不断淫,必落魔道:上品魔王,中品魔民,下品魔女。”
魔子《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)魔所生之子也。又子者指物之称,直谓魔为子也。法华经普贤劝发品曰:“若魔,若魔子,若魔女,若魔民。”碧岩四则评唱曰:“他南方魔子,便说即心是佛。”
魔宫《佛学大辞典》
(杂名)天魔之宫殿。维摩经菩萨品曰:“诸女问维摩诘:我等云何止于魔宫?”
魔忍《佛学大辞典》
(术语)魔道之忍行也。如为他畏而修忍辱。止观八曰:“久远劫来为魔所使,(中略)行于魔忍,为畏他故。”
魔怨《佛学大辞典》
(术语)恶魔者佛之怨敌,故云魔怨。维摩经佛国品曰:“降伏魔怨,制诸外道。”新译仁王经上曰:“摧伏魔怨,双照二谛。”止观辅行二曰:“魔为佛怨,故云魔怨。”
魔戒《佛学大辞典》
(术语)比丘为求名闻利养而持戒,为魔戒。止观八曰:“久远劫来为魔所使,起于魔檀,为有报故。持于魔戒,邀利养故。”
魔旬《佛学大辞典》
(异类)Māra pāpīyas(N.sg.m.pāpiyān),魔波旬之略。
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