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Term Definition
小三灾《佛学常见词汇》
饥馑灾、瘟疫灾、刀兵灾。据佛经说,我们的世界,每过一小劫的时间,即有小三灾的发生。当每一小劫的人寿减至三十岁时,即有饥馑灾,七年不雨,草木不生,人类多数都受饥饿的逼迫而死亡;人寿减至二十岁时,即有瘟疫灾,人类又病死一半;人寿减至十岁时,即有刀兵灾,这时一草一木,都变成了杀人的凶器,加上人类互相嗔恨,互相杀害,直至人类所存无几而后止。
小乘《佛学常见词汇》
声闻缘觉的法门,以修身自利为宗旨,其最高果位为阿罗汉果及辟支佛果。声闻乘修四谛法,自凡夫至阿罗汉,论时间,速者三生,迟者六十劫,其修行的方便有七,得果有四。(参见:声闻乘)缘觉乘修十二因缘,自凡夫至辟支佛,论时间,速者四生,迟者一百劫,其修行重在悟证,悟所到处,便是证所到处,故无明显的位阶可言。
小乘戒《佛学常见词汇》
小乘律藏所说的戒律,有五戒八戒十戒与具足戒等数种。在具足戒中,比丘戒有二百五十条戒,比丘尼戒有三百四十八条戒,这些具足戒虽然是小乘行人所应受持,就是大乘行人也是一样要受持这种具足戒的。
小乘法《佛学常见词汇》
宣说四谛或十二因缘的道理的经典,如四部阿含经是。
小乘涅槃与大乘涅槃《佛学常见词汇》
小乘的涅槃和大乘的涅槃。小乘的涅槃,灭生死而涅槃;大乘的涅槃,生死本来就是涅槃。又小乘的涅槃,只断界内分段生死而已;大乘的涅槃,同时也断界外之变易生死。
小乘经《佛学常见词汇》
小乘的经律论三藏,即四部之阿含经为经藏,四分、五分、十诵律等为律藏,六足发智论等为论藏。
小劫《佛学常见词汇》
(参见:一小劫)
小机《佛学常见词汇》
只能接受小乘教法的根机。
小根《佛学常见词汇》
只能接受小法的根性。
小烦恼地法《佛学常见词汇》
即忿、覆、悭、嫉、恼、害、恨、谄、诳、骄。因此十法,系由染污而起的烦恼,故名。
小随烦恼《佛学常见词汇》
共有十种,即忿(愤怒)、恨(怨恨常思报复)、覆(隐藏自己的罪过)、恼(对他人发火)、嫉(嫉忌他人)、悭(吝啬,不愿施舍)、诳(欺诈他人)、谄(奉承他人)、害(伤害他人)、骄(骄傲自大)。以上十种烦恼,是随著六根本烦恼而起的枝末烦恼,这些烦恼因其性质比较粗和猛烈,而且各别生起,范围较小,所以叫做“小随”。
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