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Term Definition
比丘《佛学常见词汇》
出家受具足戒者的通称,男的叫“比丘”,女的叫“比丘尼”。比丘含有三义,即  一、乞士,就是一面向社会群众乞化饮食,以资维持色身,一面又向慈悲的佛陀乞化法食,以资长养法身。  二、破恶,此恶是指心中的种种烦恼而言,出家人修戒定慧三学,扑灭贪嗔痴等烦恼,以便达到了脱生死的目的。  三、怖魔,六欲天的天魔希望一切众生皆为其魔子魔孙,永远受他的控制,可是出家的佛弟子目的却在跳出三界,以解脱为期,大家都很认真修行,不为天魔外道所扰乱,于是魔宫震动,魔王怖畏起来,故谓之怖魔。
比丘入众五法《佛学常见词汇》
又作入众五心。指比丘参与大众时,应当遵守的五个法则。据四分僧羯磨所举,即:  一、修慈愍物,于大众中应修慈心,怜愍于物,严持戒律,以精勤学道;  二、谦下自卑,于大众中,必须谦和,永不憍慢,应自卑下,与人无争;  三、善知坐处,于大众中,须动静有时,若见上座,则不应安座,若见下座,则不应起立;  四、说于法语,于大众中,不宜杂说,谈论世事,若自说法,或请人说法,都要说如法之语;  五、见过默然,于大众中,若见僧中有不如理之事,若即指出,恐遭议论,故当安忍,默而不语。
比丘尼《佛学常见词汇》
出家受具足戒的女性的通称。
比量《佛学常见词汇》
因明学的三支量之一,即比喻量,如隔墙见角,比知有牛,隔岸见烟,比知有火。比量,即推比、量度之意。
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