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Term Definition
袈裟《佛学常见词汇》
比丘的法衣,有不正色、坏色、染色等意义,因为出家比丘所穿的法衣,都要染成浊色,故袈裟是依染色而立名的。又因其形状为许多长方形割截的小布块缝合而成,有如田畔,故又名“割截衣”或“田相衣”,亦称“福田衣”。有大中小三件,大者名僧伽梨,又名九条大衣;中者名郁多罗,又名七条衣;小者名安陀会,又名五条衣。
袈裟五德《佛学常见词汇》
悲华经中说,释迦佛以前在宝藏佛之前,誓己成佛时袈裟有五德,即  一、或犯重邪见之四众,以一念敬心尊重袈裟,必于三乘受记;  二、天龙人鬼若敬袈裟少分即得三乘不退;  三、若鬼神诸人得袈裟少分乃至四寸,则饮食充足;  四、众生发生冲突,如念袈裟之神力,便生悲心;  五、若在兵阵,持此少分,恭敬尊重,常得胜他。
袈裟十二名《佛学常见词汇》
一、袈裟;  二、道服,修道者的衣服;  三、出世服,出离世俗者的衣服;  四、法衣,如法的衣服;  五、离尘服,远离六尘者的衣服;  六、消瘦服,此服有损消烦恼的功德;  七、莲华服,离染著犹如莲华;  八、间色服,用不正之间色缝制而避开五正色;  九、慈悲服,行慈悲者的衣服;  十、福田衣,袈裟的条相,等于世间的田畴,且其功德为世间之福田而应受供养;  十一、卧具,与被褥相似;  十二、敷具,卧具的意思。
袈裟十利《佛学常见词汇》
一、覆身离羞耻而具惭愧;  二、离寒热蚊虫;  三、示沙门之相,见者欢心,离邪心;  四、是人天宝幢相,生梵天之福;  五、著之时,生宝塔想,灭诸罪;  六、坏色,生不贪欲;  七、袈裟是佛净衣,永断烦恼而得良田;  八、消罪而生十善;  九、如良田,能增长菩提之芽;  十、如甲胄,烦恼之毒箭不能害。
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