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Term Definition
达摩《佛学常见词汇》
1、华译为法,指佛所觉悟的真理和觉悟的方法。  2、菩提达摩的简称,印度人,梁武帝时泛海到达中国的广州,武帝迎至建业,因与武帝话不投机,遂渡江入魏,在嵩山少林寺面壁九年,为中国禅宗之始祖,圆寂于东魏天平以前,葬熊耳山。
达摩忌《佛学常见词汇》
即十月初五日,因此日是禅宗始祖入寂的日子。
达赖喇嘛《佛学常见词汇》
达赖者,蒙古语,大海之意,谓其智慧如大海;喇嘛者,西藏语,胜者之义。达赖喇嘛是西藏喇嘛教之教主,属黄衣派,世称“活佛”,住在前藏之首府拉萨布达拉宫。根据西藏新志中说:“按达赖喇嘛为宗喀巴之大弟子,班禅额尔德尼为宗喀巴之二弟子。宗喀巴在明朝永乐十五年生于西宁卫,得道于西藏之噶尔丹寺,成化十四年示寂,遗属二大弟子世世以呼毕勒罕转生,演大乘教。呼毕勒罕者,华言化身也,皆死不失其通,自知往生之所,其弟子辄迎立之。常在轮回,不昧本性。其所指为呼毕勒罕者,不限于一地一族。一世二世出后藏,三世出前藏,四世出蒙古,五世出前藏,六世出里塘。宗喀巴经言,达赖六世,班禅七世后,不复再来。”
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