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Search for glossary terms (regular expression allowed)
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Term Definition
业报《俗语佛源》
相应于善业因而感得的苦乐果报,称之为业报,犹民间所谓善有善报,恶有恶报。《宝积经》九十六:“汝自作罪今日来,业报自招无代者。”宋·延寿《宗镜录》卷二六:“命是一期之业报,曷等真诠!”业报亦作“业果”,《旧唐书·王缙传》:“又见缙等施财立寺,穷极瑰丽,每对扬启沃,必以业果为证。”佛教的三世因果说深深地影响了中国民众的思想,于此也可见一斑。(常正)
业根《俗语佛源》
梵语karma,意译为“业”,泛指一切身心活动。一般分为身业,语业和意业三种。善业得善报,恶业得恶报,故称“业报”。“业根”之“业”,偏重于恶业、染(为净)业而言。“根”,从梵语indriya而来,意为“能生”。多指眼、耳等六种感觉器官而言,称“六根”。佛教认为眼、耳等“六根”贪欲尘境,污染自性,故喻为“六贼”。“业根”系指引生恶业之根。如《初刻拍案惊奇》卷三四:“静观道:‘敢是你与他们业根未断么?’闻人生道:‘我专心为你,岂复与他有恋?’”也用为詈词,犹言孽种。如清·蒲松龄《聊斋志异·促织》:“母闻之,面色灰死,大骂曰:‘业根,死期至矣,而翁归自与汝复耳!’”(李明权)
业障《俗语佛源》
恶业能障碍向善的正道,名为“业障”,亦作“孽障”。多指前生所作恶业而为今生的障碍。《俱舍论》:“一者害母,二者害父,三者害阿罗汉,四者破和合僧,五者恶心出佛身血。如是五种名为业障。”《华严经·世主妙严品》:“若有众生一见佛,必使净除诸业障。”佛教徒对自己和他人的不规范行为或遭遇到的某种不幸,常称之为“业障”。民间也有以“孽障”骂人的,意指被骂者为我的祸患或恶果。(常正)
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