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Search for glossary terms (regular expression allowed)
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Term Definition
刀头舐蜜《俗语佛源》
此比喻出于《四十二章经》:“财色之于人,譬如小儿贪刀刃之蜜,甜不足二食之美,然有截舌之患也。”佛教把财欲、色欲、饮食欲、名欲和睡眠欲称为“五欲”,《大智度论》卷十七谓,众生贪恋追求“五欲”之乐,“如火炙疥”,以致“后世受无量苦”,如好色者受畜生报,贪财者受贫穷报等。这就是“刀头舐蜜”的意义。众生的贪欲,是无始以来的妄想结习,所谓“结习正如刀舐蜜,扫除须著絮因风”(宋·张孝祥《浣溪沙·梦山未释然再作》词)。亦感叹世态人情充满了虚妄的诱惑和危险的陷阱。如宋·薛季宣《读邸报》诗:“世味刀头蜜,人情屋上乌。” (李明权)
刀山剑树《俗语佛源》
险恶的情景,谓之“刀山剑树”。《宋史·刘[铁-失+长]传》载:酷史“作烧煮剥剔、刀山剑树之刑,或令罪人斗虎抵象”。又如京剧《乌龙院》:“纵然是刀山剑树,俺刘唐何惧!”刀山剑树本是佛家所说的地狱中的惨苦境象之一。经中说:“淫为秽恶,死入恶道,刀山剑树,火车炉炭。”(《菩萨处胎经·行定不定品》)谓造邪淫、杀生等恶业的罪人,死受极苦的“报应”,直入阿鼻地狱。那里有一处,山上以刀为树,树上以剑为叶,密密麻麻。罪人穿行刀山剑树间,忍受剖腹剜心、割截肢解的剧苦。此说源于佛家的因果报应之说。也作“剑树刀山”。《五灯会元·灌州罗汉和尚》:“曰:‘如何是法?’师曰:‘剑树刀山’。” (李明权)
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