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Term Definition
利他《俗语佛源》
佛教有“二利”之说,上求佛法为“自利”,下化众生为“利他”。如《无量寿经》卷上:“自利利人,人我兼利。”利人,即利他。利他是大乘佛教行菩萨道,普度一切众生的特征。利他是在自利的基础上进行的。如唐·伽才《净土论》所说:“应知由自利故,则能利他;非是不能自利而能利他也。”佛教认为,不具备由自利而修得的智慧、定力、正见、慈悲等,就无法真正地利他。其他宗教教义也多包含利他的内容。近代西方伦理学家孔德创“利他主义”,认为道德的原则就是使利己的冲动从属于利他。(李明权)
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