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Term Definition
口吐莲花《俗语佛源》
“莲花”是佛教的象征,吉祥和清净的标志。说法微妙,谓之“口吐莲花”,似出于唐·张瀛《赠琴棋僧歌》:“我尝听师说一法,波上莲花水中月。”然而,其源当上溯至南北朝时的佛图澄。《晋书·艺术传·佛图澄》记载:后赵国主石勒召佛图澄,试以道术。佛图澄便“取钵盛水,烧香呪之,须臾钵中生青莲花,光色曜日”。后用“口吐莲花”比喻口出妙语,说话有文采。如《醒世恒言·苏小妹三难新郎》:“少游又问讯云:‘愿小姐身如药树,百病不生’小妹一头走,一头答应:‘随道人中吐莲花,半文无舍。’”也作“口吐珠玑”。如明·谢谠《四喜记·花亭佳偶》:“身呈文彩,口吐珠玑,登云会上广寒梯,攀龙定涉承明陛。”(李明权)
口头禅《俗语佛源》
禅宗以“不立文字,直指人心”为宗旨,提倡直截了当的“顿悟”,甚至说:“道个佛字,拖泥带水;道个禅字,满面惭惶。”(《碧岩录》第一则)禅宗还认为“开口即错,用心即乖”,“等你开口,堪作何用!”(同上,评唱)禅宗的末流,好取现成的经语、公案、挂在口头上,作为谈助,被斥为“口头禅”。“口头禅”完全违背了禅宗“顿悟见性”的宗旨。后来,把口头上经常说的一些没有实际意义的话,也称为“口头禅”。如:宋·王楙《野客丛书·王先生圹铭临终》诗:“平生不学口头禅,脚踏实地性虚天。”又《菜根谭》前集:“读书不见圣贤,为铅椠佣;居官不爱子民,为衣冠盗;讲学不尚躬行,为口头禅。”(李明权)
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