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Term Definition
命根《俗语佛源》
佛教认为从生到死的一期生命有三个要素:寿、暖、识。“寿”就是寿命,维持寿命的功能谓之“命根”,从梵语jivta而来。命根是由过去世的业力所生的。唐·窥基《成唯识论述记》卷二说:“命谓色心不断,是命之根也。”色心不断的意思是一期生命的身心活动延续不断。《俱舍论》卷五指出:“命根体即寿,能持暖及识。”“暖”是以体温为标志的生理活动,“识”是以认识为标志的心理活动。命根能维持暖和识,并以暖和识为其存在的依据。死去或被杀,称为断命根。如《敦煌变文汇录·频婆娑王变文》:“罗睺大臣近生要恶逆,谋夺国位。杀父王竟,寻起四兵,伺捕二兄,已断命根。”后来,俗语中称及其重视的人或物为命根子。如《红楼梦》第二回:“政老爷便大怒了,说:‘将来酒色之徒耳!’因此便大不喜悦。独那史老太君还是命根一样。”此命根指贾宝玉,是史老太君(贾母)最疼爱的小辈。又如秦牧《花城·土地》:“呵,这宝贵的土地……而亲自在上面播种五谷的劳动者才真正对它具有强烈的感情,把它当作命根子。”此指劳动者珍视的土地。(李明权)
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