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Search for glossary terms (regular expression allowed)
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Term Definition
四大皆空《俗语佛源》
佛教把一切物质现象(色法)归纳为四种基本要素,即坚性的“地”、湿性的“水”、暖性的“火”、动性的“风”,谓之“四大”。四大可分为内、外两大类:同心识和合而形成众生肉体的为“内四大”;不同心识和合而形成山河大地等的为“外四大”。通常从前者的意义引申,称人身为“四大”,如清·李斗《扬州画航录·虹桥录上》:“六十岁来一梦轻,飘然四大御风轻。”后因称看破红尘,身无牵挂的超脱态度为“四大皆空”。如《水浒后传》第三一回:“胞胎浑沌,四大皆空,没甚姓名。”(李明权)
四大金刚《俗语佛源》
为佛经所称帝释的外将,分别居于须弥山四埵,各护一方,因亦称护世四天王,东方持国天王,身白色,持琵琶;南方增长天王,身青色,执宝剑;西方广目天王,身红色,持羂索;北方多闻天王,身绿色,执宝叉。寺庙山门两旁多塑四大天王像,俗称四大金刚。文学中多有引用,如《西游记》第五回:“玉帝大恼,即差四大天王,协同李天王并那吒太子,点二十八宿、九曜星官、十二元辰、五方揭谛、四值功曹……去花果山围困,定捉获那厮处治。”生活中也常有将某些身材高大,力大无比,或护佑某些人物者亦以此称呼之。(李君冈)
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