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Search for glossary terms (regular expression allowed)
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宿

Term Definition
宿世因缘《俗语佛源》
佛教指前世的生死为前生,即宿世;因而,将前世的因缘,统称宿世因缘。《法华经·授记品》:“宿世因缘,吾今当说。”同经《化城喻品》还对二乘人说宿世因缘,诱其证悟。唐·姚合《寄主客刘郎中》诗:“汉朝共许贾生贤,迁谪还应是宿缘。”也省作“宿缘”。如南朝宋·何承天《答宗居士书》:“爱欲未除,宿缘是畏。”后来把“宿世因缘”一语的涵义应用到仕途的升迁与儿女之情的恩恩怨怨等方面。如《道山清话》:“彭汝砺久在侍从,晚娶宋氏归,有姿色器资,承顺惟恐不及,后出守九江,病中忽索笔纸,大书云:‘宿世冤家,五年夫妇,从今以往,不打这鼓。’投笔而逝。”(无名氏)
宿命《俗语佛源》
宿指宿世、过去世;命指生命。宿命的意思是:一切众生在过去无数次的轮回中,曾经历的各式各样的生命形态。这种生命形态就是“六道”:地狱、饿鬼、畜生、天、人、阿修罗。能够了解宿命情况的,谓之“宿命通”,属于“六通”之一。这种了解达到完全明白的程度,谓之“宿命明”,属于“三明”之一。“宿命”见于《四十二章经》:“沙门问佛:以何因缘,得知宿命,会其至道?”据小说《嫏嬛记》载:南方有一种“比翼凤”,“能通宿命,死而复生,必在一处”。现在“宿命论”一词,属于唯心论。持此论者认为生死、贫富、寿夭等均由命运乃至天命所预先决定,与佛教的本义完全不同。(李明权)
宿慧《俗语佛源》
从前世而来的智慧。佛教认为,“宿慧”在今生遇到机缘,就会显发出来。如《景德传灯录·鸠摩罗多》:“阇者夜多承言领旨,即发宿慧,恳求出家。”此谓今生出家,是前世信佛之慧的显发。后俗语“宿慧”指天资、与生俱来的智慧秉赋。如清·马位《秋窗随笔》:“此等句无点烟火气,非学力能到,宿慧人遇境即便道出。”(李明权)
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