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Term Definition
忍辱《俗语佛源》
梵语ksanti,音译“羼提”,意即“忍辱”。是大乘菩萨所修“六度”之一。所谓“六度”(又名六波罗密),就是布施、持戒、忍辱、精进、禅定和智慧。这在佛经中是屡见不鲜的。如《维摩诘经·佛国品》说:“忍辱是菩萨净土。”《法华经·序品》说:“见佛子住忍辱力,增上慢人恶骂捶打,皆悉能忍,以求佛道。”这就是说,修忍辱的人,能够忍受外来的一切侮辱和恼害而不生嗔恚之心,真正能做到像《大集经》中所说的“忍辱如大地”,能承受一切。俗话说:“逆来顺受”(语见《永乐大典戏文三种·张协状元》十二),也就是这个意思。对出家修行者来说,不论是大乘还是小乘,修“忍辱”是极其重要的。因为大小乘修持者的目的是了生死,成佛果。要达到此目的,就必须断烦恼。如果修行者对于外来逆境不能忍受,就必然产生烦恼。这就没有了生死、成佛果的希望。所以忍辱,关系到他一生修持的成败。今引申为有事业心的人,若遇到意外挫折、打击和困难而不能忍受,则将一事无成。孔子曾曰:“小不忍则乱大谋“(见《论语·卫灵公》)。忍辱一词在《三国志·吴志·陆逊传》中引申为“忍辱负重”,形容一个人忍受屈辱并承担重任。(无名氏)
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