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Term Definition
忏悔《俗语佛源》
对自己的过错或罪恶进行反省并决心改正,谓之忏悔,这是一个梵汉并举的词。忏,是梵语Ksama (忏摩)的省音,意为悔过。忏悔原为僧团每半个月举行一次的诵戒仪式。在仪式上,让犯戒者披露自己的过失。南朝梁·萧子良《净住子·涤除三业门》说:“忏悔之法,当先洁其心、静其虑、端其形、整其貌、恭其身、肃其容,内怀惭愧,鄙耻外发。”指出忏悔时必须至诚恳切。忏悔有一定的程式,往往都要念长短不等的“忏悔文”。中国的忏法始于梁武帝的“慈悲道场忏法”,后又有“观音忏”、“法华忏”、“金光明忏”等。有注重程式的“事件忏”,也有注重谛观的“理忏”。忏悔可以拔除罪苦。如《心地观经》卷一谓经:“发露忏悔,罪即消除。”(李明权)
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