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Term Definition
恶口伤人《俗语佛源》
佛教把言辞粗野,恶从口生,称为“恶口”。并把恶口列为“十恶”(杀、盗、淫、两舌、恶口、妄言、绮语、贪、嗔、痴)之一。《法华经·常不轻菩萨品》:“若有恶口骂詈诽谤,获大罪报”。《地持论》:“恶口之罪,亦令众生,堕三恶道”(地狱、饿鬼、畜生)。故俗有“十恶不赦”之说。佛教对恶口骂詈恼人之言,是最所禁戒的;提倡以爱语、善语与人交谈。如《行事抄》说:“凡有所说,当说善语,不应恶语。”后来把用恶毒言语诽谤他人,使人的感情和人格受到伤害,叫做“恶口伤人”。(无名氏)
恶魔《俗语佛源》
佛典中常以佛与魔相对而区别正邪。“八相成道”中有“降魔”一项。《楞严经》卷九于示正说后常结言:“作是说者,名为正说;若他说者,即魔王说。”魔即指人,亦指事。“魔有四种:一者烦恼魔,二者阴魔,三者死魔,四者他化自在天子魔……复次,除诸法实相,余残一切法尽名为魔,如诸烦恼结使、欲缚取缠、阴入界、魔王魔民、魔人,如是等尽名为魔。”(《大智度论》卷五)恶魔,如《圆觉经》言:“汝善男子当护末世是修行者,无令恶魔及诸外道恼其身心,令生退屈。”魔集烦恼、障碍等一切恶法,故名恶魔。今以“恶魔”比喻十分凶恶的妖魔或人。如《西游记》第五十二回:“遇着一个恶魔头,名唤兕大王,神通广大。”(禹振声)
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