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Term Definition
摩登《俗语佛源》
“摩登伽”简作“摩登”,梵语matanga,系古印度旃陀罗族的贱民,以清道为业。佛经中有一部《摩登女经》,谓阿难持钵乞水,遇摩登女。女悦阿难,告母:“非阿难不嫁。”母请阿难赴宴,具述女意。阿难道:“我持戒,不蓄妻。”欲辞去。母以邪术蛊惑威逼阿难。阿难方窘迫间,佛持神咒救阿难出。明日,女复追阿难。佛示以人身不净等法。女悔悟,后成正果。《楞严经》亦以阿难遇摩登女事为一经的缘起。“摩登女”的故事说明爱欲污秽不净,是生死与烦恼的根本。明·徐渭《翠乡梦》第一出:“当时西天那摩登伽女是个有神通的娼妇,用一个淫咒,把阿难菩萨霎时间摄去,几乎儿坏了他的戒体。”即用此典故。也省为“摩登”。如元·伊世珍《琅环记》卷上:“天女本来净,摩登淫第一。”近代用摩登音译英语modern,意为时髦,合乎流行的式样。(李明权)
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