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Term Definition
涅槃《俗语佛源》
涅槃,梵语nirvana的音译,意为“灭度”、“寂灭”等。或从梵语Parinivana意译为“圆寂”。“涅槃”是佛家修证的最高境界。简单地说,“涅槃”就是经过修道,能够彻底地断除烦恼,具备一切功德,超脱生死轮回,入于“不生不灭”。如《涅槃经》卷四所说:“灭诸烦恼,名为涅槃;离诸有(指生死)者,乃为涅槃。”又如《魏书·释老志》所说:“涅槃译云灭度,或言常乐我净,明无迁谢及诸苦累也。”后称僧人逝世为涅槃、圆寂。在文学中运用如郭沫若赋有长诗《凤凰涅槃》,借用佛语“涅槃”,谓凤凰经过烈火的锻炼而获得新生。又如徐迟《火中的凤凰》谓:“这是一只火中的凤凰,一只新生的凤凰,它在大火之中涅槃,却又从灰烬里新生。”(李明权)
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