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Term Definition
看破红尘《俗语佛源》
“红尘”,原指繁华热闹的所在。如汉·班固《西都赋》:“红尘四合,烟云相连。”又如唐·刘禹锡《元和十一年戏赠看花诸君》诗:“紫陌红尘拂面来,无人不道看花回。”佛教所说的“尘”,系译自梵语pajas,意为污染,谓能污染人的真性。“尘”又与“境”同义,指外部一切感知认识的事物。佛教认为,尘境是一心所变现的,并非真正的客观实在,属于虚妄的“似外境现”。后因以红尘指虚幻的尘世间。如《红楼梦》第一回:“原来是无才补天,幻形入世,被那茫茫大士、渺渺真人携入红尘、引登彼岸的一块顽石。”俗语看破红尘,谓看透尘世的虚妄污浊,不足留恋。常用以形容达观、洒脱。如《镜花缘》第四十回:“到了次日,并不约我,却一人独往,岂非看破红尘,顿开名缰利索么?”柳青《创业史》第一部题序:“看破红尘的老汉,要求全家人都不必难受。”(李明权)
看风使帆《俗语佛源》
原为禅语,意为随缘,对机。语本《五灯会元》卷十六:“看风使帆,正是随波逐浪。截断众流,未免依前渗漏。”这是法云法秀禅师上堂开示的法语。法秀属禅宗云门宗门下。该宗祖师文偃有“云门三句”,名噪丛林,即“函盖乾坤句,截断众流句,随波逐浪句”。“看风使帆”是解释“随波逐浪”句的。后变为“随风倒舵”、“看风转舵”、“见风转舵”等,比喻顺着势头行事,多含贬义。如元·王晔《桃花女》第二折:“则你这媒人一个个,啜人口似蜜钵,都只是随风倒舵。”又如《民国通俗演义》第四二回尾批:“为老袁计,不即当看风转舵,临崖勒马耶?”又如刘流《烈火金刚》第二七回:“他马上见风转舵,说道:‘你是金区长吧!早就耳闻。请到屋里坐!’”(李明权)
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