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Term Definition
祝愿《俗语佛源》
指僧人于受食等之际,以唱诵或叙述咒语的方式为众生祈愿。又作咒愿。据《十诵律》卷四一载,古代印度婆罗门于受食毕,为施主咒愿赞叹,后释尊沿用此法为沙门之制。《盂兰盆经》曰:“时佛敕十方众僧,皆先为施主家咒愿。愿七世父母,行禅定意,然后受食。”后佛教通常将祝愿为食时祝愿与法会祝愿。《增一阿含经》卷二九谓,依咒愿之功德可得六德,即施主与施物能各得三种成就。中国古代向神祷告,以求实现自己的愿望,也叫祝愿。如汉·焦赣《易林·小过之涣》:“求玉获石,非心所欲,祝愿不得。”佛教传入中国后,用咒愿心表示祝愿,祝愿和咒愿遂相互通用,并广泛流行。后一般指表示良好的愿望。如巴金《永远向他学习》:“走出医院的时候,我们衷心祝愿郭老早日恢复健康。”(吴明)
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