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Term Definition
竖起脊梁骨《俗语佛源》
原为禅宗语。《五灯会元》卷十二载:有个叫狄三的人出家了,禅师给他起了个法名称“道川”,并教诲他说:“汝旧呼狄三,今名道川,川即三耳。汝能竖起脊梁,了办个事,其道如川之增;若放倒,则依旧狄三也。”“竖起脊梁”,谓站稳脚跟,振奋精神,专心参禅办道。这是一句禅家习用语。再举一例,如《五灯会元》卷十七:“其或见谛不真,影像仿佛,寻言逐句,受人指呼,驴年得快活去。不如屏尽尘缘,竖起脊梁骨,著些精彩,究教七穿八穴,百了千当,向水边林下长养圣胎,亦不枉受人天供养。”体现出佛家所提倡的“勇猛精进”的精神。朱熹亦好用禅语,其《语类》卷一零五谓:“道夫辞拜还侍,先生曰:“更硬著脊梁骨!”今亦常用此语,谓提起正气,振奋精神。如:我们要竖起脊梁骨,不怕威胁,不怕利诱,为建设繁荣公正的社会而奋斗。(李明权)
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