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Term Definition
罪过《俗语佛源》
即罪恶过失,始见于《周礼·秋官·大司寇》:“凡万民之有罪过,而未丽于法,而害于州里者,桎梏而坐诸嘉石。”然而,“罪过”成为习见的俗语,却在佛教盛传之后。它本是佛教的戒律用语。唐代义净所译《根本说一切有部毗奈耶》卷二七说:“弟子问曰:‘我之师主作何罪过而受治罚?’彼便答曰:‘汝之师主自作如是如是非法之事。’”“罪”指恶业,即“五逆十罪”之类;“过”指过犯,即律中的轻罪。泛指一切恶业和犯戒行为。在俗文学中,“罪过”或引申为斥责,如元·杨文奎《儿女团圆》第一折:“倘或衙门中告不下,我倒吃罪过。”或引申为谦词,犹言得罪,多谢,如《古今小说·宋四公大闹禁魂张》:“(店小二)将肉和蒸饼递还宋四公。宋四公接了道:‘罪过哥哥!’”(李明权)
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