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Term Definition
腊八粥《俗语佛源》
我国在南北朝定夏历十二月八日为腊日,见《荆楚岁时记》。我国佛教徒认为,佛祖释迦牟尼是在十二月八日成道的,谓之“腊八节”。印度人善于煮粥,尤以乳糜为上。关于腊八粥的起源,可以追溯到释迦牟尼成道前夕。《佛本行集经》介绍说:释迦出家前,经过六年苦行,毫无收获,于是放弃苦行,接受了牧牛女奉献的乳糜,恢复了体力,走向以智慧求解脱的正道。粥因而受到僧家的重视,所谓“粥名良药,佛所称扬,义冠三种,功标十利”。(五代·齐己《粥疏》)文献记载的腊八粥最早见于宋人笔记。孟元老《东京梦华录·十二月》记载:“初八日……诸大寺作浴佛会,并送七宝五味粥与门徒,谓之腊八粥。”《梦梁录》、《武林记事》中亦有类似记载。腊八粥亦名佛粥,用精美果蔬杂料煮成,可口而又滋补,民间喜食。清·富察敦崇《燕京岁时记》中录有具体的配置方法,可以参阅。还有一种说法,腊八粥是从“打斋饭”发展而来的。古代寺僧用箩筐沿门索食,挑回寺内。食之有余,则将饭菜晒干收藏。到腊八节早上,用以制成粥,回报信施者,并为之祝福。故而,民间有“千日打斋饭,一日腊八粥”之说。(李明权)
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