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Term Definition
解脱《俗语佛源》
系梵语Mukti或Moksa的意译。《维摩诘经·佛国品》谓:“佛以一音演说法,众生随类,各得解脱。”从佛教的意义上说,解除妄想烦恼的束缚,脱离生死轮回的痛苦,获得自在,谓之“解脱”。唐代窥基大师对此有明确的解释:“由烦恼障,缚诸有情,恒处生死。证圆寂已。能离彼缚,立解脱名……解谓离缚,脱谓自在。”(《成唯识论述记》卷一)佛教的根本目的在于解脱,如唐·白居易《自觉》诗云:“我闻浮屠教,中有解脱门。”解脱的内容是脱离生死苦海,如明·李卓吾《与周友山书》谓:“古人以有身为患,故欲出离,以求解脱。”从脱离生死轮回的意义来说,“解脱”与“涅槃”的意义是相似的。佛教中关于解脱的说法很多。举凡一切摆脱束缚、负担、烦恼、痛苦者,均谓之解脱。今用解脱一词,基本上是沿袭与引申了佛教上的意义。如:家用电器进入家庭,把人们从繁重的家务劳动中解脱出来。(李明权)
解铃还须系铃人《俗语佛源》
比喻谁做的事有了问题,仍须由谁去解决。《指月录》卷二十三:“金陵清凉泰钦法灯禅师在众日,性豪逸,不事事,众易之。法眼(禅师)都契重。(法)眼一日问众:‘虎项金铃,是谁解得’?众无对。师(法灯)适至,(法)眼举前语问。师(法灯)曰:‘系者解得。’”如《西游记》第七十一回:“这正是:狮项金铃何人解,解铃人还问系铃人。”(宽忍)
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