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Term Definition
身心《俗语佛源》
是人体物质和精神的总称,两者互为依存。二字连用,见于佛经,如《无量寿经》卷下有“身心摧破”一语,《法华经·提婆品》亦有“身心无倦”的说法。不过佛家所说的“身心”,有其特殊的解释。它认为世界上的一切事物(包括物质的和精神的),都是因缘和合而成,人体也不例外。佛家认为人体是由“五蕴”构成的。蕴,梵语Skandha,意为积聚,即众多的成分积聚在一起。所谓五蕴,即色、受、想、行、识,由这五种东西组合而成我们的身心。就一个人来说,色蕴是身体,受想行识四蕴是心。人通过五根(五官)攀缘外境而产生感受、想像和贪、嗔、痴等识别心理。这就是佛家对身心最简单的解释。后俗语中经常运用,如老舍《女店员》第三幕:“我热爱劳动,锻炼身心。”指身体和意志。又如《金瓶梅词话》第八回:“只觉得神思不安,身心恍惚。”(无名氏)
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