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Term Definition
迷头认影《俗语佛源》
这是《楞严经》里所说的宝罗城狂人演若达多的一则故事。故事的大意是:演若达多是个从来不爱梳洗的人,蓬头垢面。古代没有镜子,他也无法认识自己的面目。一天,他口渴了,走到河边喝水,河水清澈见底,当他俯下身子的时候,看见水里有一蓬头垢面、狰狞可怕的影像,演若达多转身就跑,逢人便说:河里有一鬼魅,是如何如何的形象。他哪里知道,水里的“鬼魅”便是他自己的“尊容”。故事用以比喻迷失本性,不见自己的本来面目。《五灯会元·泐潭洪英禅师》说:“诸祖相继,至于达摩西来,直指人心,见性成佛,不立文字语言,岂不是先圣方便之道?自是当人不信,却自迷头认影,奔逐狂途,致使竛竮,流浪生死。”同书卷六说:“不识家珍,迷头认影。”后来用“迷头认影”形容十分糊涂。(无名氏)
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