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Term Definition
雁塔题名《俗语佛源》
雁塔,亦名大雁塔,在今长安慈恩寺,是唐永徽三年(652)由玄奘法师所建。据《大唐西域记》卷九说,当年慈恩寺僧众修习小乘法,喜食三种净肉(即眼不见杀,耳不闻杀,不为我而杀),时有比丘见天空双雁飞鸣,遂思念:“若得此雁可充饥食。忽有一雁堕地下自殒。众曰:‘此雁垂诫,宜旌彼德。’(遂)于瘗雁为塔。”长安为唐代首都,自神龙年(705)以来,凡进士及第,皆列名于慈恩寺塔,谓之“雁塔题名”,遂成为考中进士的代称。五代·王定保《唐摭言》卷三:“进士题名,自神龙之后,过关宴后,率皆期集于慈恩塔下题名。”《南部新书》说:“韦肇,初及第,偶于寺塔题名,后进慕效之。”后来苏轼、苏辙等登科第者皆曾题名于塔上。唐代进士于曲江宴赏之暇,也有题诗于塔上的,如杨载《送完者都知同》:“姓名题雁塔,谱牒记龙沙”;林光新《次韵奉酬赵校书子直》“雁塔新题墨未干,去年灯火向秋阑。”所以又有“雁塔题诗”之说。唐杜甫、岑参等大诗人赏唱和题诗于塔上,至今仍传为美谈。(无名氏)
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