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Search for glossary terms (regular expression allowed)
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Term Definition
魔《俗语佛源》
“魔”是梵语mara(魔罗)的省音。原来译作“磨”,梁武帝认为“字宜从鬼”,改成“魔”,沿用至今。“魔”意译为“杀者”、“夺命”、“能夺命者”、“障碍”等,亦作“恶魔”。一切扰乱身心、障碍修行的事物,均可称为“魔”或“魔障”。经中关于“魔”的讲法很多,主要有“四魔”为障:一是“烦恼魔”,即贪、嗔、痴等。二是“五阴魔”即种种身心烦恼。三是“死魔”,即生死无常的威胁,四是“天魔”,即欲界第六天的魔王,名叫“魔波旬”(marapapiyas),意译为“恶障”。据说他经常率领魔众到人间去破坏佛法。释迦牟尼“成道”前夕,曾在菩提树下降伏了魔波旬率领的魔军。《西游记》等神话小说中关于“魔”的描写都源于佛经。后来,用“魔”、“魔鬼”泛指一切恶徒邪术,也引申指神奇之事,如“魔术”等。(李明权)
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