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Term Definition
龙宫《俗语佛源》
“龙宫“在大海中,源于佛经。《法华经·提婆达多品》说:“尔时文殊师利坐千叶莲花,大如车轮,俱来菩萨亦坐宝莲花,从于大海,娑竭罗龙宫自然涌出。”《海龙王经·请佛品》载,佛接受海龙王的邀请,入龙宫宣说大法。又《龙树传》载,龙树比丘曾随大龙菩萨入海,在龙宫中发七宝华函,获得《华严经》。民间有关于“龙宫”的传说。如《西游记》中有孙悟空到东海龙宫向龙王借宝的故事;《封神演义》中有那吒与小龙王搏斗,抽出龙筋,作为腰带的故事。再如唐·杜甫《赠秘书监江夏李公邕》诗:“龙宫塔庙涌,浩动浮云卫。”宋·赵彦卫《云麓漫抄》指出:“古祭水神曰河伯。自释氏书入,中土有龙王之说,而河伯无闻矣。”(李明权)
龙王《俗语佛源》
民间把他当作司雨之神,传说中佛教创始人释迦牟尼诞生时,有难陀、跋难陀二龙王为其灌沐。龙王在梵语中是nagarajah的音译(那伽罗惹)。为龙中威德特胜者,系对其眷属而称为“王”。《法华经·序品》中举出:难陀、跋难陀、娑伽罗、修吉、德义伽、阿那婆达多、摩那斯、优钵罗等八大龙王。《金光明最胜王经》卷一则举出七龙王。谓诸龙王能兴云布雨,令众生之烦恼消灭。西晋竺法护译有《海龙王经》,谓佛在灵鹫山说法时,海龙王率众来听法,生欢喜心,礼请佛至海底龙宫。佛坐狮子座上,宣说妙法,化导龙众。中国民间关于“海龙王”的神话传说,显然是受了佛经影响而有的。唐·谷神子《博异志·许汉阳》记载“海龙王诸女及姨妹六七人过归洞庭”。神魔小说《西游记》中也有孙悟空到海底龙宫向海龙王借宝的故事。相传龙宫多藏宝物,故浙中民谚有“海龙王岂少宝”之说,比喻豪富者应有尽有。见清·翟灏《通俗编·禽鱼》。(李明权)
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